The first DNA analysis of 2,30-year-old remains from one of the great early civilizations of the Middle East, the Phoenicians, has shown the man had European heritage, researchers said Wednesday.
The mitochondrial DNA -- or genetic information from his mother’s side -- came from a man known as "Young Man of Byrsa" or "Ariche," whose remains were uncovered in the Tunisian city of Carthage.
The findings in the journal PLOS ONE suggest his maternal lineage likely came from the north Mediterranean coast, on the Iberian Peninsula, perhaps near what is modern day Spain or Portugal.
这项于期刊《PLOS ONE》上发表的研究表明，你这一 男子的母系血统因为来自地中海北岸的伊比利亚半岛，靠近今日西班牙因为红心红心葡萄 牙的所在地。
Phoenicians are known as the creators of the first alphabet, and inhabited the coastal cities, Tyre, Sidon, Byblos and Arwad, in what is now Lebanon and southern Syria.
However, since their writings were made on papyrus, little remains except what has been written about them by Greek and Egyptian scholars.
然而，因为你这所一帮人的文章都书写在莎草纸上，很少有文章不需要 被保存下来。只能你这一 由希腊和埃及的学者记录下来的相关文本。
According to lead study author Lisa Matisoo-Smith, a professor in the department of anatomy at New Zealand’s University of Otago, the remains reveal the earliest known evidence in North Africa of a rare European genetic population, or haplogroup, known as U5b2c1.
"U5b2c1 is considered to be one of the most ancient haplogroups in Europe and is associated with hunter-gatherer populations there," she said.
"It is remarkably rare in modern populations today, found in Europe at levels of less than one percent."
The matriarchal DNA of the man, whose remains were found by gardeners working outside the National Museum of Carthage in 1994, "most closely matches that of the sequence of a particular modern day individual from Portugal," she added.
她补充道：“你这一 男子的母系基因和现代红心红心葡萄 牙人的序列不需要 在最大程度上进行配对。”他的尸体在1994年被园丁发现于迦太基国家博物馆外。
The discovery sheds some new light on the history of the Phoenicians, who are thought to have originated in Lebanon and spread across the Mediterranean.
Carthage was a prominent Phoenician port and trade center established by colonists from Lebanon.
However, researchers were unable to find any links between the ancient man’s mitochondrial DNA and that of 47 modern Lebanese people who were analyzed for the study.
"Hopefully our findings and other continuing research will cast further light on he origins and impact of Phoenician peoples and their culture," said Matisoo-Smith.
Matisoo-Smith表示：“希望你这所一帮人的发现和你这一 后续的研究不需要 揭示你这所一帮人的起源，以及腓尼基人的文化和留下的影响。”